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154                               PBOPBI1T0BY BIGHTS IK THE CUT*

of the city that are known by a Persian name*   They continued to be regard-
ed as the zamindars of the township till ttte time of the J&te, when Saiyid

Bakir, their then head, quarrelled with the local governor, and being afraid

of the consequences made over all his rights to- some Chaubes and others*

When the English. Government took possession^ the Chaubes-' title was alone

recognized and the first settlement was made- with one of their number, Shio

Lai, as mukaddam.   A claim was brought forward by Imam Bakhsh, a son of

the Saiyid abovenameds but he died before it eo.ujd be heard, and the suit thus

falling through has never since been revived.   In 1812, the then Chaube land-

holders, Bishnaj Ajita, Shio Lffl, GMsa and Jw&la, styling themselves mukad-

dams, made over their rights to the lla Bab a, who- engaged to pay them Bs. 150

a year and 5 per cent on his collections.   The area so transferred, according

to the settlement of 1841, was only 568 biglias 11 biswas ; but in the revision

of records the Lala B&bu's widow had herself entered as owner of every rood

of land, excepting only such as was or had been rent-free, and the agreement

was with her as sole z&mindar of the township of M^hura.   On the strength

of this she claimed to exercise over the whole city the same rights that a

zamindar can  claim in any petty village; but, after oft-renewed litigation,

these extravagant claims have been set aside, and by the new settlement the

property of her heirs is shown as a separate thok, the muafi and resumed mnfifi

grants forming another,  while the Janmn& sands, used for melon cultiva*

iaon, all naziil lands and the streets, and city generally are shown as Govern-

ment property.'*

From the mosque as a central point diverge the main thoroughfares, lead-
Ing respectively towards Braids-ban, Dig, Bharat-pur,t and the civil station,
They are somewhat broader than is usual ia Indian- cities, having an average
"breadth of 24 feet, ad were fast opened out at the instance of Mr, E. F.
Taylor in 1843. A number of houses were demolished for the puirpose, but,
ra every iHstance, aE cMm to compensation was- waived. Seth TAHirm
Chanel's loss, -Qma voluntarily sustained for the public good, was estimated at
a lakh of rupees* as h had recently completed some handsome premises,
which had to be taken dowB aad rebuilt.

* Vide n wpor t QA tte Pfopieto!7 liglitt eMm&l "sj the beins ol the L&Js B4bn
up by Mr. Wtetewy, Setllemea* Offlca, in 1875.
f Close to the nosqae oa the left-baod side ol tlis Blia?at-pur gate bazi; is i. Mgh Mil with
Toy stefcp aacent. all boilt or.   On the summit, wMch is called SiUli ghl^ ma^1 beaeea
f sagmeatE 0! BiodMsl piUait and t^s-reiiei% &ad m armless seated igore, the s4ae of life.